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<i>Bedstead</i> by Benn Pitman

Benn Pitman (1822-1910), designer; Adelaide Nourse Pitman (1859-1893), carver; and Elizabeth Nourse (1859-1938), painter
United States (Cincinnati)
Bedstead, ca. 1882-83
Gift of Mary Jane Hamilton in memory of her mother Mary Luella Hamilton, made possible through Rita S. Hudepohl, Guardian, 1994.61
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Glossary

Adorn — to heighten the appearance of with ornaments

Adornment — the action of adorning: the state of being adorned

Aesthetic — of or relating to beauty or what is beautiful

Analogous colors — Color scheme that uses colors that are side by side on the color wheel and share a hue (i.e. red-orange,)

Autobiography — a biography written by the person it is about

Bedstead — the framework of a bed

Biography — a history of a person's life

Bodice — the upper part of a dress

Bustle — a pad or framework expanding and supporting the fullness of the back of a woman's skirt or dress

Carve — to cut with care or exactness

Carving — the act or art of a person who carves

Cell — one of the tiny units that are the basic building blocks of living things, that carry on the basic functions of life either alone or in groups, and that include a nucleus and are surrounded by a membrane

Cell membrane — a semi permeable outside layer surrounding the protoplasm of a cell

Cell wall — the firm nonliving and usually chiefly cellulose wall that encloses and supports most plant cells

Chloroplast — a plastid that contains chlorophyll and is the location of photosynthesis and starch formation in a plant cell

Chromatin — a material present in chromosomes that is made up of DNA and protein and stains deeply with certain biological stains

Chronological order — arranged in order of time of occurrence

Client — a person who uses the professional advice or services of another

Color — That which the eyes sees when light is reflected off an object.

Compare — to examine in order to discover likenesses or differences

Contrast — to compare two persons or things so as to show the differences between them

Corset — a tight stiff undergarment worn to support or give shape to waist and hips

Criteria — a standard on which a judgment or decision may be based

Cytoplasm — the protoplasm of a plant or animal cell except for the nucleus

Decorate — to make more attractive by adding something that is beautiful or becoming

Decoration — the act or action of decorating

Description — an account that presents a picture to a person who reads or hears it

Dimension — A measure of spatial extent, especially width, height, or length.

Dressmaker — the process or occupation of making dresses

Ecosystem — a system made up of an ecological community and its environment especially under natural conditions

Endoplasmic Reticulum — a system of cavities and minute connecting canals that occupy much of the cytoplasm of the cell

Energy — power or ability to be active: strength of body or mind to do things or to work

Fashion — a common style especially of dress during a particular time or among a certain group

Fauna — animals or animal life especially of a region, period, or environment

Fiber — a thread or a structure or object resembling a thread

Flora — plants or plant life especially of a region, period, or environment

Flower — a plant cultivated or outstanding for its blossoms

Form — the shape and structure of something as distinguished from its material

Fruit — the usually edible reproductive body of a seed plant

Geometric — of or relating to art based on simple geometric shapes

Golgi apparatus — a part of the cytoplasm of a cell that consists of parallel membranes without ribosomes and is active in the formation and secretion of cell products

Golgi body — any particle that is part of the Golgi apparatus

Habitat — the place or type of place where a plant or animal naturally or normally lives or grows

Handiwork — work done by the hands or by oneself

Hue — The name of a color (i.e. red, yellow, and blue)

Imagery — language that suggests how someone or something looks, sounds, feels, smells, or tastes

Informational Documents — works of nonfiction such as transcripts, reports or journals

Intensity — The brightness or dullness of a color or hue

Leaf — one of the green usually flat parts that grow from a stem or twig of a plant, make up the foliage, and have the primary purpose of making food by photosynthesis

Line — the path of a moving point through space

Living — to be alive

Loom — a frame or machine for weaving threads or yarns to produce cloth

Lysosome — a saclike cellular organelle that contains various hydrolytic enzymes

Media — The materials used to make the artwork, such as oils, water color, acrylic, inks, to name a few.

Mitochondria — one of the round or long bodies found in cells that are rich in fats, proteins, and enzymes and are important centers of metabolic processes

Modest — clean and proper in thought, conduct, and dress

Modesty — the quality of being modest

Monochromatic color — color scheme that uses different values of a single hue (i.e. dark green, light green)

Museum Curator — a person in charge of a museumís collection

Native — grown, produced, or having its beginning in a particular region

Natural — existing in or produced by nature

Nature — the physical universe

Negative space — Negative space describes the area surrounding the positive shapes

Non-living — not alive or living

Nuclear membrane — the boundary of a cell nucleus

Nucleolus — a sphere-shaped body in the cell nucleus that becomes enlarged during the manufacture of proteins, is associated with a particular part of a chromosome, and is rich in RNA

Nucleus — a cell part that is characteristic of all living things with the exception of viruses, bacteria, and blue-green algae, that is necessary for heredity and for making proteins, that contains the nucleoli and the chromosomes with their genes, and that is enclosed in a nuclear membrane

Organic — Shapes that are not regular or even and use a combination of edges that are curved or angular

Organisms — an individual living thing that carries on the activities of life by means of organs which have separate functions but are dependent on each other

Pattern — an artistic form, figure, or design

Period — a chronological division

Photosynthesis — the process by which plants that contain chlorophyll make carbohydrates from water and from carbon dioxide in the air in the presence of light

Plant — any of a kingdom of living things usually lacking the ability to move from place to place under their own power, having no obvious nervous or sensory organs, possessing cellulose cell walls, and often having a body that is able to keep growing without taking on a fixed size and shape

Positive space — Positive shape refers to the focal point of a work of art or shape of the work of art

Primary source — an original document pertaining to an event or subject of inquiry, also a firsthand or eyewitness account of an event

Protect — to cover or shield from something that would destroy or injure

Protection — the act of protecting

Reception — a social gathering

Repetition — the act or an instance of repeating

Ribosomes — one of numerous small RNA-containing particles in a cell that are sites of protein synthesis

Root — the leafless usually underground part of a plant that absorbs and stores water and minerals and holds the plant in place

Secondary source — a secondary source is a work that interprets or analyzes an historical event.. It is generally at least one step removed from the event.

Seed — a plant structure (small dry fruit) capable of producing a new plant

Sew — to work with needle and thread

Shape — something having a certain form

Space — The element of art that refers to the distance between, around, above, below, and within things

Stem — the main stalk of a plant that develops buds and shoots and usually grows above the ground

Style — The fashion of the moment, especially of dress

Texture — the structure, feel, and appearance of something

Three-dimensional — having three dimensions or extensions in one direction

Timeline — a table listing important events for successive years within a particular historical period

Train — a part of a gown that trails behind the wearer

Transcendentalism — A literary and philosophical movement that asserts the existence of an ideal spiritual reality that transcends the empirical and scientific and is knowable through intuition

Trend — a current style or liking

Trilobate — of a leaf shape; divided into three lobes

Two-dimensional — having two dimensions or extensions in one direction

Vacuole — a cavity or vesicle in the cytoplasm of a cell usually containing fluid

Value — The lightness or darkness of a hue or color

Vein — one of the vascular bundles forming the framework of a leaf

Victorian — relating to, or typical of the reign of Queen Victoria of England or of the literature, art, and tastes of her time

Volume — the amount of space occupied by a three-dimensional object as measured in cubic units (as quarts or liters)

Warp — a series of yarns going lengthwise in a loom and crossed by the weft

Weave — to form (cloth) by interlacing strands (as of yarn)

Weft — the threads that cross the warp in a woven fabric

Woodcarving — a person who carves objects of wood


Additional Resources Glossary The Cincinnati Wing About Discovering the Story Educators Videoconference Underground Railroad Cincinnati's Golden Age


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